The homes of seventy two of the main usual solvents are given, tabulated within the so much handy manner, making this publication a pleasure for commercial chemists to exploit as a table reference. The homes coated are these which solution the fundamental questions of: Will it do the activity? Will it damage the person? Will it pollute the air? Is it effortless to address? Will it pollute the water? Can it's recovered or incinerated? those are all components that must be thought of on the early levels of selecting a solvent for a brand new product or approach.
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01 c0. 01 c0. 01 c0. 01 P1483 P2286 P2874 P2876 zero. seventy six zero. 29 zero. 06 P155 P367 P636 zero. 02 zero. 03 zero. 03 c0. 01 c0. 01 c0. 01 P947 P964 P973 P1266 P1273 P1894 - - zero. forty eight zero. 01 PlOOO P3976 4356 Glycol ethers PGME EGME EEE EGBE Chlorinated MDC Chloroform Carbon tet. 1,2-EDC 1,l,l-TCA TCE Perk. MCB Partition coefficient 1. 6 1. o 1. 7 1x/1/401 1x/1/401 1x/1/401 c0. 01 P87 c0. 01 P1377 keotrope I L Solute Ketones Acetone MEK MIBK Cyclohexanone NMP Acetophenone "C Reference V/W 37 195 Reference 2. 6 2. zero 1x/1/401 1x/1/401 13909 Ethers Diethyl ether DIPE Dibutyl ether MTBE 1,4-Dioxane TH F Esters Me acetate Et acetate i-Propyl acetate n-Butyl acetate Cellosolve acetate Miscellaneous DM F DMAc DMSO Sulfolane 1. 2 1x/3/1371 2. four 1x/1/401 1. 23 2f/527 1. eight CS2 Acetic acid Aniline Nitrobenzene Morpholine Pyridine 2-Nitropropane Acetonitrile Furfuraldehyde Phenol Water Solute f 17 Jone 184 195 ninety nine 8789 10962 741 Reference zero. 24 zero. 07 P491 P852 zero. 02 P1839 <0. 01 P2743 zero. 04 P986 zero. 09 P515 zero. eighty two 14. eight P931 P386 zero. 24 zero. 02 <0. 01 1. sixty six zero. 07 P282 P1710 P1438 P932 V3/234 1x/1/401 11200 10754 7. five Jone 37 LO Partition coefficient 1x/1/401 zero. 30 P260 eo. 01 P1617 Alcohc Ethanediol replacement names Glycol, monoethyleneglycol, ! ,2-dihydroxyethane, MEG, now not ethyl glycol Reference codes CAS quantity UN quantity ! 072! actual houses Molecular weight Empirical formulation Boiling aspect (OC) Freezing element (OC) particular gravity (20/4) sixty two C2H6O2 ! ninety eight -! three !.!! five Cubic enlargement coeff (per oC x ! 03) floor stress (@20°C dynlcm) Absolute viscosity (@25°C cP) Refractive index (25°C) zero. sixty four fireplace dangers Flash element (closed cup OC) Autoignition temperature (OC) electric conductivity !!! four! three !. 2E-6 decrease explosive restrict (ppm) top explosive restrict (ppm 32000 Vapour focus @21°C ppm Vapour density (relative to air) Vapour strain @21°C mmHg POCP 153 2. 15 zero. 12 healthiness risks IDLH (ppm) OES-TWA OES-STEL Odour threshold (ppm) ! 60 ! 25 Aqueous effluent Solubility in water (25°C o;oW/w) Solubility of water in (25°C %wlw) LoglO activated carbon partition LoglO partition in octanollwater (w/w) organic oxygen call for wlw (days) Theoretical oxygen call for wlw Hazchem code EPA code forty six. five 20 1. 429 overall overall !.! 6 -!. ninety three 0.! 6 (5) !. 29 Vapour strain equation constants (Loglo. mmHg) Antoine equation A B C Cox chart A B Solvent homes Solubility parameter Dipole (D) Dielectric consistent (20°C) Polarity (water a hundred) 14. 6 2. 31 37. 7 seventy nine. zero Thermal info Latent warmth (cal/mol) Nett warmth of combustion (kcal/gmol) particular warmth (cal/molfC) severe strain (MN/m2) severe temperature (K) Latent warmth of fusion (cal/mol) Van der Waals' quantity Van der Waals' floor zone Molar quantity 12524 250 35 7. 7 647 2682 2. forty-one 2. 25 fifty five. ninety two eight. 09083 2088. 936 203. 454 Kauri butanol worth Evaporation time (ether = 1) Evaporation time (BuAc = 1) 1550 Alcohols Azeotrope X% Solute Hydrocarbons n-Pentane n-Hexane n-Heptane n-Octane n-Nonane n-Decane 2,2,4-TMP Cyclohexane Benzene Toluene Ethylbenzene Xylenes C9 Aromatics Tetralin Alcohols Methanol Ethanol n-Propanol i-Propanol n-Butanol i-Butanol s-Butanol n-Amyl alc.