Almost so long as cinema has existed, vampires have seemed on monitor. Symbolizing an unholy union among intercourse and loss of life, the vampire—male or female—has represented the libido, a “repressed strength” that ate up its sufferers. Early iconic representations of male vampires have been obvious in Nosferatu (1922) and Dracula (1931), yet now not till Dracula’s Daughter in 1936 did a feminine “sex vampire” imagine the lead. different lady vampires undefined, might be such a lot provocatively within the Hammer motion pictures of the Nineteen Fifties, ’60s, and ’70s. Later incarnations, in such movies as Near Dark (1987) and From nightfall until eventually Dawn (1996), provided sleek takes in this now iconic figure.
In Dracula’s Daughters: the feminine Vampire on Film, Douglas Brode and Leah Deyneka have assembled a different number of essays that discover this cinematic style that concurrently frightens and seduces audience. those essays handle a couple of concerns raised via the feminine vampire movie, similar to violence perpetrated on and by means of ladies; reactions to the style from feminists, antifeminists, and postfeminists; the consequences of lady vampire movies for audiences either homosexual and instantly; and the way motion pictures mirrored the interval within which they have been created. different issues contain lady vampire movies in dating to vampire fiction, quite by means of girls akin to Anne Rice; the connection of the vampire fantasy to sexually transmitted ailments like AIDS; problems with race and misogyny; and the original phenomenon of youth vampires in younger grownup books and flicks comparable to Twilight.
Featuring greater than thirty images spanning a number of a long time, this assortment deals a compelling evaluate of an archetypal figure—an enduring illustration of darkish desires—that keeps to captivate audiences. This ebook will allure not just to students and scholars but additionally to any lover of transgressive cinema.
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Extra info for Dracula's Daughters: The Female Vampire on Film
Lucy, the feminine nurse, and Mina all seem to be hypnotized by way of Dracula. actually, Mina describes herself after her assembly with Dracula: “I consider significant. I’ve by no means felt greater in my existence. . . . i like the evening. ”33 nevertheless, there's the occasional trace on the higher strength with which either Stoker and Murnau make investments Mina. She seems a bit conscious of the risk that Dracula represents, even though in her sleep she attempts to take away the wreath of wolfsbane and open the home windows that Van Helsing has closed to guard her. After that time, she is totally passive within the arms of assorted male characters. Dracula takes her again to the abbey and is by way of Renfield, whom he kills. Van Helsing kills Dracula and Lucy whereas Mina is kept. Waller reviews succinctly on Browning’s remedy of his heroines: “Lucy is . . . an expendable sufferer . . . whereas Mina—who Brode_WEB. indb 182 11/19/13 2:43 PM the ladies of Dracula motion pictures 183 lacks the intelligence, religion, and the all-important religious importance of Stoker’s heroine—must be stored if the realm is to be again to basic. ”34 One wonders no matter if this movie, which used to be published at first of the nice melancholy, spoke to American wants to go back to a few semblance of normalcy or to the specter of a international strength at the horizon. regardless of the attraction, it doesn’t supply a lot observation at the position of ladies. Horror of Dracula (1958) the 1st movie from Hammer Studios to add Dracula, Horror of Dracula (the American name) used to be directed by way of Terence Fisher, written by way of Jimmy Sangster, and starred Christopher Lee as Dracula. It makes numerous monstrous adjustments within the simple plot: the 3 vampire brides develop into one bride; Harker and Van Helsing are vampire hunters; Mina and Arthur Holmwood are married, and Lucy is Arthur’s sister and Harker’s fiancée. The adjustments Sangster makes within the simple plot are important of remark. Arriving at Dracula’s citadel to ruin him, Harker is far extra a professional in regards to the supernatural than Stoker’s personality. he isn't so an expert that he avoids the specter of a mysterious lady who seems soundlessly to him and tells him she is a prisoner. 35After Harker deals to aid, she begins to sink her the teeth into his neck, yet Dracula pushes her away and includes her off. 36 most likely contaminated by means of the unnamed vampire lady, Harker later reveals her and Dracula within the crypt and manages to force a stake via her middle, which turns her into an previous, wrinkled lady after which quick reduces her to dirt although no longer until eventually after her screams wake up Dracula. 37 The scene then shifts from Dracula’s citadel, that's positioned in a forested area, to the house of the completely decent Holmwoods. regardless of altering the names, Sangster still keeps the various distinction within the girls characters: Mina is extra mature and extra businesslike, whereas Lucy turns out nearly childlike, an amazing sufferer. Fisher has the nightgown-clad Lucy open the window and wait eagerly for Dracula. Silver and Ursini touch upon the erotic undertones of this scene, watching, “The Lucy of the Hammer Dracula awaits her lethal gentleman in mattress, breathless and keen.