By Sebastian Ramon, Philipp Gertz
The idea within the immortality of the soul has been defined as one of many dual pillars of Platonism and is famously defended via Socrates in Platos Phaedo. the traditional commentaries at the discussion through Olympiodorus and Damascius supply a different point of view at the reception of this trust within the Platonic tradition.
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Extra info for Death and Immortality in Late Neoplatonism: Studies on the Ancient Commentaries on Plato's Phaedo (Ancient Mediterranean and Medieval Texts and Contexts: Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition, Volume 12)
I. , and extra explicitly in I. . it really is hence no longer unimaginable reader of the treatise can have integrated it in an inventory of professionals in favour of suicide. to be certain, this can be not going to were Olympiodorus; yet firsthand wisdom of Plotinus is definitely attested in Proclus, who wrote a statement at the Enneads. the ultimate and fourth argument in favour of suicide relies at the authority of the Stoics, who adduce 5 grounds for suicide ((i) noble sacrifice, (ii) heading off betrayal of secrets and techniques, (iii) senility, (iv) incurable affliction, (v) poverty without likelihood of help from virtuous people), in terms of an problematic analogy among the breaking apart of a symposium and the taking of one’s existence. 50 The permissiveness of the Stoic argument, reproduced via Olympiodorus with none try to input into additional dialogue or difficulties, is impressive, yet as much as this element, we won't say even if arguments of the sort awarded by way of the Stoics in favour of suicide had any effect on Olympiodorus’ personal resolution or now not. In my subsequent part, i'm hoping to teach that our commentator’s approach to the matter of suicide may be defined totally in Platonic phrases. . Olympiodorus’ end within the past sections, we've seen how Olympiodorus’ 3 Platonic arguments opposed to suicide all converged into the location that suicide is against the law, while either Plato and different philosophical professionals go away room for remarkable instances the place suicide might be justified. The puzzle, then, is to give an explanation for how suicide can in some way mix attributes forty nine Westerink (), advert loc. Cf. Dillon (), n. , who feedback that ‘it is feasible that [Olympiodorus] is reflecting a view of Plotinus’ doctrine on suicide derived relatively from Enn. I. than from this tractate [Enn. I. ] or the one who Elias is summarizing’. 50 Cf. Elias Prol. . –. olympiodorus on suicide that don't often qualify an analogous motion, i. e. being either illegal and justified. even supposing Olympiodorus doesn't say so explicitly, one could imagine that illegal acts will commonly be unjustified and justified acts lawful. The vital passage outlining Olympiodorus’ place can very easily be divided into 3 sections (Ol. . ):  Τ ο ν με ς φαμεν; ε ς ντ φασιν γ ρ περι στη λ γος π ς γ ρ κα μιτον τ ξ γειν αυτ ν κα ε λογον; ο δε μ ν ξ γειν αυτ ν σον π τ σ ματι, πρ ς κακο γ ρ στι το το τ σ ματι λλ κα ε λογον ξ γειν αυτο ς δι με ζον γα ν συντελο ν τ ψυχ , ο ον ς ν κα βλ πτεται π το σ ματος.  σπερ γ ρ βουλευ μενος κε να α ρε ται ο ς λ σσονα μ ν κακ πεται, με ζω δ γα ,  κα σπερ ν σιον μ ν φ λω τυπτομ νω μ μ νειν, ε δ τ πτοιτο π μιτον ξ γειν πατρ ς, ο κ ε λογον μ νειν, ο τω κα ντα α κα αυτ ν δι τ σ μα κα ε λογ ν ποτε δι τ ν ψυχ ν, λυσιτελο ντος α τ ποτ το του.  What then will we say, provided that the argument has been introduced into contradiction? for the way can taking oneself out be either illegal and justified? except the reason for this is that one must never take oneself out insofar because the physique is worried, for the reason that this is often an evil for the physique, however it is justified for the sake of a better reliable to the soul, resembling while the soul is harmed by way of the physique.