By Charles G. Gross
Neuroscientist Charles Gross has been attracted to the historical past of his box considering his days as an undergraduate. A gap within the Head is the second one selection of essays during which he illuminates the learn of the mind with attention-grabbing episodes from the earlier. This volume's stories diversity from the background of trepanation (drilling a gap within the cranium) to neurosurgery as painted through Hieronymus Bosch to the invention that bats navigate utilizing echolocation.
The emphasis is on blind alleys and mistakes in addition to triumphs and discoveries, with historic practices hooked up to contemporary advancements and controversies. Gross first reaches again into the beginnings of neuroscience, then takes up the interplay of paintings and neuroscience, exploring, between different issues, Rembrandt's "Anatomy Lesson" work, and at last, examines discoveries via scientists whose paintings used to be scorned of their personal time yet confirmed right in later eras.
Read or Download A Hole in the Head: More Tales in the History of Neuroscience (MIT Press) PDF
Similar Neuroscience books
From essentially the most major neuroscientists at paintings this day, a pathbreaking research of a query that has confounded philosophers, psychologists, and neuroscientists for hundreds of years: how is recognition created?
Antonio Damasio has spent the earlier thirty years learning and writing approximately how the mind operates, and his paintings has garnered approval for its singular melding of the clinical and the humanistic. In Self involves brain, he is going opposed to the long-standing concept that cognizance is one way or the other cut loose the physique, featuring compelling new medical proof that consciousness—what we predict of as a brain with a self—is first of all a organic procedure created by way of a dwelling organism. in addition to the 3 conventional views used to review the brain (the introspective, the behavioral, and the neurological), Damasio introduces an evolutionary standpoint that includes an intensive switch within the approach the heritage of unsleeping minds is considered and informed. He additionally advances an intensive speculation in regards to the origins and sorts of emotions, that is primary to his framework for the organic building of realization: emotions are grounded in a close to fusion of physique and mind networks, and primary emerge from the traditionally previous and humble mind stem instead of from the fashionable cerebral cortex.
Damasio means that the brain’s improvement of a human self turns into a problem to nature’s indifference and opens the way in which for the looks of tradition, a thorough holiday during evolution and the resource of a brand new point of lifestyles regulation—sociocultural homeostasis. He leaves without doubt that the blueprint for the work-in-progress he calls sociocultural homeostasis is the genetically well-established simple homeostasis, the curator of worth that has been found in uncomplicated life-forms for billions of years. Self involves brain is a groundbreaking trip into the neurobiological foundations of brain and self.
Some of the most urgent questions in neuroscience, psychology and economics this present day is how does the mind generate personal tastes and make offerings? With a distinct interdisciplinary procedure, this quantity is likely one of the first to discover the cognitive and neural mechanisms mediating the new release of the personal tastes that advisor selection.
Harvard psychiatrist and govt trainer Srinivasan S. Pillay illuminates the rapidly-emerging hyperlinks among glossy mind technological know-how and the nook workplace. What does neuroscience need to do with management? every thing. on your mind and company: The Neuroscience of significant Leaders, Phillay discusses fresh advances in mind technology and neuroimaging and the way they could dramatically enhance the best way leaders paintings with colleagues to force profitable swap.
Dependancy destroys lives. within the Addicted mind, top neuroscientist Michael Kuhar, Ph. D. , explains how and why this happens–and offers advances in drug dependancy remedy and prevention. utilizing breathtaking mind imagery and different learn, Kuhar indicates the robust, long term mind alterations that medications could cause, revealing why it may be so tough for addicts to flee their grip.
Additional info for A Hole in the Head: More Tales in the History of Neuroscience (MIT Press)
Fifty two First, it was once easily unbelievable unmarried phone could convey invariant responses to simply one person, in particular because the stimulus set proven was once small. moment, in truth a few cells replied to 2 members (on a similar television software) or to 2 websites (seen on a up to date trip). 3rd, the standard reaction latency (250–350 ms) used to be for much longer than standard acceptance occasions. the second one and 3rd issues steered that those cells may play a job in reminiscence for summary strategies instead of in sensory processing. NOTES This bankruptcy is tailored from an editorial released within the Neuroscientist (8: 512-518 , “The family tree of the ‘grandmother cell’”). 1. Barlow, 1972; Blakemore, 1973b; Anstis, 1975; Frisby, 1980; Marr, 1982; Churchland, 1986. 2. Rosenzweig et al. , 1999; Gazzaniga et al. , 1998; Cowey, 1994. three. Lettvin, own conversation in Barlow, 1995. four. Roth, 1969 five. Barlow, 1972 6. Blakemore, 1973b. 7. Konorski, 1967 eight. E. g. , Martin et al. , 2000; Caramazza, 2000. nine. Hubel and Wiesel, 1962, 1965. 10. Hubel and Wiesel, 1965. eleven. Mishkin, 1966. 12. Allman and Kaas, 1971. thirteen. Pribram and Mishkin, 1955. 14. Konorski, 1967. 15. Gross, 1968. sixteen. Gross, Bender, and Rocha-Miranda, 1969; Gross, Rocha-Miranda, and Bender, 1972; Gross, 1994. 17. Lettvin et al, 1959, 1961. 18. Perrett, Rolls, and Caan, 1982; Rolls, 1984; Yamane, Kaji, and Kawano, 1988. 19. Fonberg, 1974; Konorski, 1974. 20. Logothetis and Sheinberg, 1996; Tanaka, 1996. 21. Gross, 2000b; Kreiman, Koch, and Fried, 2000, 2001. 22. Desimone, 1991; Gross, 1992. 23. Gross, 1998a. 24. uninteresting, 1950. 25. Müller, 1965. 26. Adrian and Matthews, 1927. 27. James, 1890. 28. Sherrington, 1940. 29. Barlow, 1972. 30. Gross, Rocha-Miranda, and Bender, 1972. 31. Hasselmo, Rolls, and Baylis, 1989. 32. Perrett, Rolls, and Caan, 1982 33. Tsao and Livingstone, 2008, determine eight. 34. Bruce and Gross, 1981 (dorsal to IT); Leonard, Rolls, and Baylis, 1985 (amygdala); Scalaidhe et al. , 1999 (ventral prefrontal cortex). 35. Desimone, Albright, and Gross, 1984. 36. Perrett et al. , 1985. 37. Desimone, Albright, and Gross, 1984; Schwartz et al. , 1983. 38. E. g. , Miyashita, 1988, Miller, Li, and Desimone, 1991; Colombo and Gross, 1994; and Desimone, 1996. 39. Rodman, O’Scalaidhe, and Gross, 1993; Logothetis, Pauls, and Poggio, 1995. forty. Afraz, Kiani, and Esteky, 2006. forty-one. Haxby et al. , 1991; Sergent and Signoret, 1992; Ojemann, Ojemann, and Lettich, 1992; Allison et al. , 1994; Kanwisher, McDermott, and Chun, 1997; Puce, Gore, and McCarthy, 1995. forty two. See references within the evaluate by way of Tsao and Livingstone, 2008. forty three. Tsao et al. , 2003; Pinsk et al. , 2005; Logothetis et al. , 1999. forty four. Tsao, Freiwald, and Tootell, 2006. forty five. Tsao, Moeller and Freiwald, 2008; Pinsk et al. , 2009 forty six. Moeller, Freiwald, and Tsao, 2008. forty seven. Tsao, Moeller and Freiwald, 2008; Pinsk et al. , 2009 forty eight. Desimone, 1991; Gross, 1992; Abbott, Rolls, and Tovee, 1996; Rolls and Tovee, 1995. forty nine. Jung and McNaughton, 1993; Thompson and top, 1989. 50. Hahnloser, Koshevnikov, and price, 2002. fifty one. Quiroga et al. , 2005. fifty two. Quiroga et al. , 2007. REFERENCES Abbott, L.