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By Charles G. Gross

Neuroscientist Charles Gross has been attracted to the historical past of his box considering his days as an undergraduate. A gap within the Head is the second one selection of essays during which he illuminates the learn of the mind with attention-grabbing episodes from the earlier. This volume's stories diversity from the background of trepanation (drilling a gap within the cranium) to neurosurgery as painted through Hieronymus Bosch to the invention that bats navigate utilizing echolocation.

The emphasis is on blind alleys and mistakes in addition to triumphs and discoveries, with historic practices hooked up to contemporary advancements and controversies. Gross first reaches again into the beginnings of neuroscience, then takes up the interplay of paintings and neuroscience, exploring, between different issues, Rembrandt's "Anatomy Lesson" work, and at last, examines discoveries via scientists whose paintings used to be scorned of their personal time yet confirmed right in later eras.

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Fifty two First, it was once easily unbelievable unmarried phone could convey invariant responses to simply one person, in particular because the stimulus set proven was once small. moment, in truth a few cells replied to 2 members (on a similar television software) or to 2 websites (seen on a up to date trip). 3rd, the standard reaction latency (250–350 ms) used to be for much longer than standard acceptance occasions. the second one and 3rd issues steered that those cells may play a job in reminiscence for summary strategies instead of in sensory processing. NOTES This bankruptcy is tailored from an editorial released within the Neuroscientist (8: 512-518 [2002], “The family tree of the ‘grandmother cell’”). 1. Barlow, 1972; Blakemore, 1973b; Anstis, 1975; Frisby, 1980; Marr, 1982; Churchland, 1986. 2. Rosenzweig et al. , 1999; Gazzaniga et al. , 1998; Cowey, 1994. three. Lettvin, own conversation in Barlow, 1995. four. Roth, 1969 five. Barlow, 1972 6. Blakemore, 1973b. 7. Konorski, 1967 eight. E. g. , Martin et al. , 2000; Caramazza, 2000. nine. Hubel and Wiesel, 1962, 1965. 10. Hubel and Wiesel, 1965. eleven. Mishkin, 1966. 12. Allman and Kaas, 1971. thirteen. Pribram and Mishkin, 1955. 14. Konorski, 1967. 15. Gross, 1968. sixteen. Gross, Bender, and Rocha-Miranda, 1969; Gross, Rocha-Miranda, and Bender, 1972; Gross, 1994. 17. Lettvin et al, 1959, 1961. 18. Perrett, Rolls, and Caan, 1982; Rolls, 1984; Yamane, Kaji, and Kawano, 1988. 19. Fonberg, 1974; Konorski, 1974. 20. Logothetis and Sheinberg, 1996; Tanaka, 1996. 21. Gross, 2000b; Kreiman, Koch, and Fried, 2000, 2001. 22. Desimone, 1991; Gross, 1992. 23. Gross, 1998a. 24. uninteresting, 1950. 25. Müller, 1965. 26. Adrian and Matthews, 1927. 27. James, 1890. 28. Sherrington, 1940. 29. Barlow, 1972. 30. Gross, Rocha-Miranda, and Bender, 1972. 31. Hasselmo, Rolls, and Baylis, 1989. 32. Perrett, Rolls, and Caan, 1982 33. Tsao and Livingstone, 2008, determine eight. 34. Bruce and Gross, 1981 (dorsal to IT); Leonard, Rolls, and Baylis, 1985 (amygdala); Scalaidhe et al. , 1999 (ventral prefrontal cortex). 35. Desimone, Albright, and Gross, 1984. 36. Perrett et al. , 1985. 37. Desimone, Albright, and Gross, 1984; Schwartz et al. , 1983. 38. E. g. , Miyashita, 1988, Miller, Li, and Desimone, 1991; Colombo and Gross, 1994; and Desimone, 1996. 39. Rodman, O’Scalaidhe, and Gross, 1993; Logothetis, Pauls, and Poggio, 1995. forty. Afraz, Kiani, and Esteky, 2006. forty-one. Haxby et al. , 1991; Sergent and Signoret, 1992; Ojemann, Ojemann, and Lettich, 1992; Allison et al. , 1994; Kanwisher, McDermott, and Chun, 1997; Puce, Gore, and McCarthy, 1995. forty two. See references within the evaluate by way of Tsao and Livingstone, 2008. forty three. Tsao et al. , 2003; Pinsk et al. , 2005; Logothetis et al. , 1999. forty four. Tsao, Freiwald, and Tootell, 2006. forty five. Tsao, Moeller and Freiwald, 2008; Pinsk et al. , 2009 forty six. Moeller, Freiwald, and Tsao, 2008. forty seven. Tsao, Moeller and Freiwald, 2008; Pinsk et al. , 2009 forty eight. Desimone, 1991; Gross, 1992; Abbott, Rolls, and Tovee, 1996; Rolls and Tovee, 1995. forty nine. Jung and McNaughton, 1993; Thompson and top, 1989. 50. Hahnloser, Koshevnikov, and price, 2002. fifty one. Quiroga et al. , 2005. fifty two. Quiroga et al. , 2007. REFERENCES Abbott, L.

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